Question: Seeing the inequality and conflict among people Karl Marx gave the concept of “Dialectical Materialism” which propagated as Communism. It envisioned that struggle between economic classes, which is at the root of human strife, shall be over by the coming of a political order based on communist ideology. Two third of the world accepted this ideology and some serious experiments were conducted based on that. Millions suffered huge atrocities in the hope of bringing that utopia on Earth. These experiments with communism have been miserable failures. We the people of the world have proven that conflict cannot be the basis of human happiness. We have heard from you again and again that “Behaviour Centred Humanism” can eliminate problems and conflicts among human beings and samadhan (resolution) could be reached. Can you please elaborate on this?
Answer: - Dialectical materialism hypothesizes that everything happens from the conflict of forces. In other words, you exert force on me and I exert force on you and thereby either we both make progress or one of us makes progress at the expense of other. It gets further interpreted as the mighty alone is worthy of surviving and the weak don’t have any moral right to live.
I have seen that there is no tussle in existence at the fundamental level. Every sthiti (state of being) in existence is mighty (bal-sampann) because of their saturation in the supreme power. An atomic particle is also mighty. An atom is also mighty. A molecule, bodies composed of molecules - all these are mighty. All these are capable of complementariness (poorakta) with one another, which results in creation. One couldn’t have postulated this dialectical materialism after having understood existence. It is our own foolishness if we think that only my religion will survive, that only we will rule the world and all others will perish. We hear such boasts as headlines and slogans on a daily basis. Such vain cries could not achieve any definite goal or direction, nor will they ever in future. One can make a definite program only with definite goal and definite direction.
I have studied existence to be in harmony and that’s what I teach to those who want to study. This is my everyday work and it is no obligation on anyone. I do this work as naturally as the air does its work, or as water does its work. I have worked only with this concept and purpose in whatever I have done until now. I keep finding samadhan (resolution) in my every task, at my every step. This is the way I am happy and so is my family. I think every family wants to become happy in the same way. Every human being wants to become happy and wise. No one wants to become a fool. So much so that when you call a fool a ‘fool’ – he would tell you that you yourself are a fool! This happens because foolishness is unacceptable to human being. Foolishness, tussle, conflict, revolt, quarrel are unacceptable to human being. The materialists assert that in the absence of conflict and revolt nothing at all would happen. Instead resolution centred materialism (samadhanatmak bhautikvad) postulates – everything that is there in existence is mighty (bal sampann). The might in human being has its utility (upyog), social benefit (sadupyog) and purpose (prayojansheelta) which become evident upon their awakening (jagruti).
The central issue here is mutual agreement in science and conscience. Conscience means rootedness in existential purpose. Science agreeing with conscience means our becoming capable of analysing everything according to human being’s existential purpose. Until that happens our analysis is incomplete. Science that emerged from materialism boasted of its logical consistency but it has not been able to answer basic questions of human being such as – Who am I? What is my purpose? How do we become happy or unhappy? Why do we suffer? Why do we feel happiness? We cannot discover truth if we begin with a lie. There is destiny (niyati) and course of destiny (niyati-kram) in existence. The course of destiny is in the form of movements towards resolution (samadhan). I have tried to explain this in resolution centred materialism (samadhanatmak bhautikvad).
The mutual agreement in science and conscience is also the basis of my writing behaviour centred humanism (vyavharatmak janvad). Human being wants to become happy. The formula here is - resolution (samadhan) = happiness (sukh) and problem (samasya) = sorrow (dukh). One must have resolution, but how? Resolution will come about from behaviour (vyavhar). We shall become resolved by identifying our relationship (sambandh), responding based on the values (mulya), evaluation (mulyankan) and mutual fulfilment (ubhaya trupti). We remain stuck in problems until we become capable of identifying our relationships and our responses become based on values. Human being is now buried deep under endless political, economic, and social problems. They have lived and died in problems in their entire history with every era having its own problems. Behaviour centric humanism says that way to resolution is through behaviour. Human being is related with their environment and with other human beings. They will have resolution in their relation with environment if their behaviour is based on niyam, niyantran and santulan otherwise they will suffer from problems there. We did industrialization without understanding, tore the Earth’s guts apart and as a result we ourselves are suffering. There is a question mark now on the survival of human race on Earth. Human being will have resolution in their relation with other human beings if their behaviour is based on nyaya, dharma and satya otherwise they will suffer from problems there. In my eyes, every human being can become resolved irrespective of who they are and what they do. That’s the postulation of behaviour centred humanism. Nyaya is the essence of our finding all round resolution.
The economic resolution comes about by living with sustainability – which has been detailed in the sustainable economics (avartansheel artha-shastra).
The way to establish humane culture is described in the human consciousness based psychology (manav sanchetnavadi manovigyan).
Human being is a unit of knowledge order (gyanavastha) therefore they could only evidence their being through intelligence (sangyansheelta). Intelligence is in understanding of human being’s relationship with existence and thereby their becoming confident in the presence of existence, and as a result their living in universal order (vyavastha) and achieving their goal of evidencing co-existential harmony (sah-astitva). In this way, behaviour centred humanism (vyavharatmak janvad) has been postulated for all round resolution.
- Excerpt from English Translation of Jeevan Vidya - Ek Parichaya