Wednesday, May 27, 2015

Powers and Forces of Nature

We humans have been making great many assumptions about powers and forces of nature since very long back.  With coming of Science, many experiments were performed to derive conclusions about forces of nature.  It is important to note that until now no final conclusion (antim nirnaya) could be reached from these scientific endeavors.  Science has not been able to give anything conclusive to humanity, which is a point for reconsideration.   Science has tried to recognize pressure (dabaav) in the form of power, wave (tarang) and flow (pravaha) in the form of force – and it has given many illustrations of their concepts, such as – electromagnetism, sound, fluid mechanics, etc.  All these explanations are found to be negating the presence of the power and force of normalization (madhyasthikaran).  All their studies of forces are based on the excited states of matter, while the question remains - What happens to these forces and powers when things are in their normal state (svabhav gati)?

From the perspective of Madhyasth Darshan, it becomes clear that Power is state and Force is motion of matter.  This means, the revelation and recognition of Power is in the course of evidencing its effect mechanically as Force.  States of matter can be recognized on the basis of their happening.  This principle can be examined in many phenomenons’ that are present before human being.  For example – when we go and lift a stone then whatever we experience or understand from this union of ours with the stone, we call it “weight”.  This weight, that we experienced, is stone’s evidencing its coexistence with Earth.  The same thing, the state of experiencing weight, clearly happens in each human being.  Now whatever we experience on lifting anything - we call it weight.  Also, since human being has imagination and freewill they thought about how to measure weight and devised mechanisms for measurement.  Weight is an arrangement and principle for objects on Earth to evidence their coexistence with Earth.  In this way, the phenomenon of weight is inspired from coexistence principle.  Each unit is endowed with power in its state, and it evidences and radiates force in its motion.

In this course it becomes clear that each object maintains its orderliness by keeping a good definite distance with other entities.  For example, the atomic particles in an atom while maintaining a definite distance with one another exhibit orderliness as a definite conduct, whose observer is human being.  When the distance becomes more than “good definite” then the nucleus of atom, working as madhyasth activity exercises its power and brings the orbiting particles closer.  When some particle starts coming too close to nucleus, then the nucleus exercises its power again to reinstate that particle in its good definite distance.  This activity of regulation is present in each atom.  This regulation activity itself ensures good definite distances in atom’s configuration.  When these atoms happen to be in the form of molecules, it is only on the basis of their nuclei that their magnetic power endowment transforms into mutual attraction.  As a result two or more atoms combine with molecular bond and become a molecule.  It is natural for these molecules to exhibit weight.  It is because of weight that these molecules have disposition for bonding with other molecules while maintaining good definite distance.  This disposition for coming together in matter itself results in atoms, molecules, and big objects composed of molecules like this Earth that are present before human being.  All objects that are part of Earth realize coexistence with Earth until the expanse of its environment as solids with solids, fluids with fluids, gases with gases.  The ways these objects and Earth arrange themselves in course of their realizing coexistence are given names such as falling, flowing, floating etc.  The objects that ‘fall’ are in solid or fluid states.  The way a fluid arranges itself in the rush and haste of realizing coexistence with fluid is called ‘rain’ or ‘flow’.  In the same way, a solid object falling on Earth from a height is its arrangement in course of its realizing coexistence with ground.  This arrangement itself has been called as gravitation.  In reality it is an arrangement of a solid object realizing coexistence with another solid object.  That alone would be a respectable way of seeing this phenomenon.  Gravitation is with presumption of comparison of bigness and smallness.  While in coexistence, each unit is complete with its environment.  There is no big or small in this.  Its confirmation is from the principle that each unit is an order with its originality.  Both these principles are seen in combination of normal state and definite conduct.  In the same course, it is natural for each object on this Earth to be disposed for fulfilling its coexistence with Earth.  This disposition and arrangement is limited until Earth’s environment.  This Earth is also complete with its environment.  The parts and components of a complete unit are found to be in its discipline.  The meaning of discipline is to evidence definite intent from definite arrangement.  Whatever activities happen in the course of realizing coexistence, we call it arrangement.  The result of this arrangement is evidence of coexistence.  In this way, we understand that “to exist” means “to coexist”.

- Excerpt from English Translation of Manav Karma Darshan

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