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Friday, May 22, 2015

Atoms and Molecules

The wish to understand atom has been there in human beings since long time ago. Human beings hypothesized and experimented for reaching fundamental entity of matter by fragmentation method. The expectation here was that successive fragmentation of matter would ultimately result in discovery of something definite and fundamental. 

The above mindset when brought into experiment, humans concluded that if any entity is successively fragmented they would reach a state where the fragments are working in a self-driven way, and called such units as “atom”. The desire to understand their working has also been there with human being. 

An atom has provision of one or more particles in its nucleus and one or more particles orbiting around it. A configuration that is less than that cannot be considered as atom. That particles in the nucleus or in the orbits could increase, is easy for a human being to imagine. 

In this context two main questions come to mind: - 1. How could the atomic particles establish recognition in their mutuality? 2. Why did these particles become in a harmony upon recognition? One understands upon extending this thought that its main cause is coexistence, because entire units are immersed, soaked and encompassed in the omnipresent reality (universal energy). The omnipresent reality permeates all these. In this way, from the smallest to the biggest units are endowed with energy due to being saturated in the omnipresent. Matter’s endowment with energy itself explains endowment with power and endowment with magnetic power. It is only due to this endowment with power that an atomic particle has disposition of recognizing its mutuality and participating in harmony. Human being is needed for accepting that mutual recognition among units is evidence of this power’s presence. Only human being is endowed with natural authority of recognizing disposition, work and result in nature. In the same course, whenever human beings recognize one another on this basis they present themselves only in the form of harmony, and wherever they miss recognizing on this basis – they cause problems or disharmony in work and behaviour. In summary, we understand that each atomic particle is working in harmony as a result of mutual recognition based on their saturation in the omnipresent reality. Harmony is only in the form of definite conduct

Each atomic particle naturally recognizes other atomic particles as a result of their being endowed with energy, and the purpose of this mutual recognition is to perform a joint conduct – this has been understood as an eternal law. This law also gives a formula on how configuration and association takes place in nature on the basis of mutual recognition, which becomes evident as harmony, having eternal presence (in the form of tradition). In this way, the inseparability of each unit in the omnipresent reality in the form of coexistence has now become easy to understand. In this way, each human gets the acceptance of eternal effectiveness of coexistence

Coexistence itself is the basic formulation and foundation of harmony in existence. Coexistence is clearly in the base of each state-motion of nature. In this way it becomes very clear that coexistence itself is the foundation of diverse activities in nature and their respective conducts

The distinction in number of particles working in atoms itself is the basis of distinction in conducts. Human being tried to determine element types and number of element types of atoms based on the distinction in their conduct. On this Earth, humans have declared discovery of 108 element types so far, while hoping to find still more. 

When we understand atom in this way (i.e. coexistence, mutual recognition, harmony), we humans become clear about harmony centric mentality. As a result, it becomes natural for human being to recognize the harmony in their kind. Subsequently, it becomes easy for human being to understand humane conduct – which is to express, convey and propagate values, character and ethics as foundation of harmony in, from and for human tradition. 

Atom is there in the basis of all animal world, vegetation world, and mineral world (all elements in solid, liquid or gaseous state) and jeevan is also a kind of atom. Atom of each element type performs its definite conduct. Therefore human being, who is a combined expression of jeevan and body, also wants to live in harmony with definite conduct. 

Another aspect that becomes clear about atomic configuration is -evidence of atoms is only upon coming together of atomic particles. A lone atomic particle in limitless space does not evidence its intent of harmony, and therefore spinning in the limitless space it remains in search of another atomic particle. Eventually it either becomes part of some atom's configuration or forms a definite atom with another atomic particle. This explains that the radiance of harmony in atom is only upon its achieving a configuration (of more than one atomic particles), and radiance of conduct of atom is upon its becoming radiant of harmony. The same principle is evident in physical, chemical and jeevan activities. 

It is clear that atomic configurations are based on more than one atomic particles and it is also clear that atom of each element type is self-driven, and their conduct is definite

Each atom’s configuration is in the form of atomic particles working in its nucleus and orbits. The nucleus has at least as many number of particles as that work in the orbits, while there could be more. The orbits can be one or more. When the number of orbits become more than four there is a possibility of their decrease, and if the number of orbits are less than four there is a possibility of their increase. Such atoms, with distinct number of particles in their configuration exist as distinct element types. The weight of these atoms depends on number of particles in their nucleus. When atoms come together due to their weight, while recognizing one another, we call them as molecules. Such molecules are found in solid, liquid or gaseous states. Huge forms like Earth are examples of solid formations. Liquid forms are believed to be initiation of chemical world. The (natural) chemicals occur by yogic method. Human being has no contribution in their occurrence. Human being only studies these phenomenon. This study is needed because only then can one recognize the natural way of working with these. It is on the basis of natural chemical substances that nutrition element and formation element come about, which combine to work as bio cells

The working of atoms and molecules is recognizable at the base of all physiochemical activities. Atoms and molecules keep working in an orderly way according to their manifested form. The next status (state-motion) of Order becoming clear itself is the evidence of their working in an orderly way. 

Each atom and molecule is but a stepping stone of their element type. The meaning of stepping stone is status that has continuity. For example, an atom with two particles in its configuration is a status. It is a stage in the course of destiny. Their definite conduct itself is their grandeur, which becomes and remains to be the foundation for next stage in the course of destiny. This wonderful self-inspired Order is very clearly manifested in front of human being. 

It is study-able that atoms and molecules as physical activities take part in each status of chemical activities. The purpose of these atoms and molecules (physical activities) becomes clearly evident as formation of this Earth. This means, prior to occurrence of chemical activities on the Earth, all atoms and molecules of needed element types had occurred in the course of destiny. The course of destiny means the way of coexistence. Upon all needed types of atoms and molecules having occurred that disposition for yogic activities emerges in them. This Earth has clear evidences of these.

All the above manifestations happen on the basis of atoms and molecules in material order, and the element types of atoms and molecules depend on the number of atomic particles in their configuration. The change in number of particles in configuration itself causes results to happen. Such results then have continuity of being – as definite conduct. This increase or decrease in atomic particles is called as inclusion and expulsion. Inclusion and expulsion in atoms is with the intent to make results happen. Prior to expulsion of particles from an atom it is found to be in an excited state. An atom needs to be excited if it has to expel some particles from its configuration. The expelled particle gets included in some other atom, which is called inclusion. The atom that expelled a particle from its configuration gets into natural status upon expulsion, and the one which got that particle included in its configuration also gets into natural status celebrating its enrichment from inclusion. It is only in the natural status that any atom, molecule or molecular form is seen to be performing definite conduct. Definite conduct alone is the evidence of harmony. The intent of development is inherent in all these atomic activities.

- English Translation of Chapter-3 Section-1 of Manav Karma Darshan

1 comment:

Shobhit said...

I spent sometime reading up on conventional approach to understand atom with particle physics and what struck me was that further subdivisions of subatomic atomic particles never yield any stable particle, this led me to a thought that atoms will always be understood by the particles that are stable. It is said that quarks (said to be an elementary particles) come together to form a hadron (protons and neutrons are examples of hadron) but the interesting observation is that a quark is never found in isolation which means it is not part of a self-regulated permanent state/arrangement. When i understand an atom with harmony centric mentality i try not to focus on the intermediate/transition/unstable states of a subatomic particle but try to understand it when it is in it's stable state i.e. An atom has certain particles in the centre and around it. With a harmony centric mindset all I am trying to understand is how atoms behave with other atoms, how many kinds of atoms are found on earth etc. because this is what is useful to me in my work. Once I understood/felt/realized the root cause of energy in atom to be this void present everywhere, my focus shifted away from 'break-it-to-understand-it' way of understanding an atom.